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Probabilistic Uncertainty-Aware Risk Spot Detector for Naturalistic Driving

Tim Puphal, Malte Probst , Julian Eggert, "Probabilistic Uncertainty-Aware Risk Spot Detector for Naturalistic Driving", Transactions on Intelligent Vehicles, 2019.


Risk assessment is a central element for the development and validation of Autonomous Vehicles (AV). It comprises a combination of occurrence probability and severity of future critical events. Time Headway (TH) as well as Time-To-Contact (TTC) are commonly used risk metrics and have qualitative relations to occurrence probability. However, they lack theoretical derivations and additionally they are designed to only cover special types of traffic scenarios (e.g. longitudinal following between single car pairs). In this paper, we present a probabilistic situation risk model based on survival analysis considerations and extend it to naturally incorporate sensory, temporal and behavioral uncertainties as they arise in real-world scenarios. The resulting Risk Spot Detector (RSD) is applied and tested on naturalistic driving data of a multi-lane boulevard with several intersections, enabling the visualization of road criticality maps. Compared to TH and TTC, our approach is more selective and specific in predicting risk. RSD concentrates on driving sections of high vehicle density where large accelerations and decelerations or approaches with high velocity occur.

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