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Nils Einecke, Julian Eggert (2010)

A Two-Stage Correlation Method for Stereoscopic Depth Estimation

In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Digital Image Computing: Techniques and Applications, DICTA 2010, IEEE.

The computation of stereoscopic depth is an important field of computer vision. Although a large variety of algorithms has been developed, the traditional correlation-based versions of these algorithms are prevalent. This is mainly due to easy implementation and handling but also to the linear computational complexity, as compared to more elaborated algorithms based on diffusion processes, graph-cut or bilateral filtering. In this paper, we introduce a new two-stage matching cost for the traditional approach: the summed normalized cross-correlation (SNCC). This new cost function performs a normalized cross-correlation in the first stage and aggregates the correlation values in a second stage. We show that this new measure can be implemented efficiently and that it leads to a substantial improvement of the performance of the traditional stereo approach because it is less sensitive to high contrast outliers.
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